Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors


Kirk R. MacGregor

MacGregor (Ph.D., University of Iowa) is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Religion and Department Chair at McPherson College. He is the author of five books, including two from Zondervan, Contemporary Theology: An Introduction and Luis de Molina: The Life and Theology of the Founder of Middle Knowledge.


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Article Information:

Author: Kirk R. MacGregor

Title: "Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors"

Journal: Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry

Journal Issue: Volume 1, Number 2

Date: Fall 2019

Pages: 275-289

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.09

Abstract

This article contends that theology is a scientific endeavor if it 1) makes correlations between humanity’s deepest existential questions and the answers provided by any given religious tradition and/or 2) it describes the beliefs and practices of various religious traditions as accurately as possible. The correlations in methodology are made by psychology, sociology, anthropology, and/or neurobiology. The descriptions in method are also collectively furnished by archaeology, history, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and other cognate disciplines. The article further maintains that metaphysics is a scientific endeavor if it explains 3) the constituent elements of reality as a whole, as well as 4) explains the presuppositions used to detect these elements. I take a scientific endeavor as one that requires empirical and/or logical verification of its claims. Since my conceptions of theology and metaphysics demand such verification, they should be considered scientific.


 

Keywords: Science, Metaphysics, Theology, Physical Sciences, Social Comparison

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Citation Examples:

Turabian/Chicago:

(footnote) Kirk R. MacGregor, “Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors,” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 2 (Fall 2019): 275-89, https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.09.

(bibliography) MacGregor, Kirk R. “Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors,” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 2 (Fall 2019): 275-89. https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.09.

MLA:

MacGregor, Kirk R. “Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors.” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, vol. 1, no. 2, Fall 2019, doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.09, pp. 275-89.

APA:

MacGregor, K. R. (2019). Theology and Metaphysics as Scientific Endeavors. Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, 1(2), 275-289. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.09.


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