Theology as a Science:
An Historical and Linguistic Approach
Moore is an assistant professor of theology at William Jessup University. He holds a PhD in theology and apologetics and focuses his research on theological methodology, creedal theology, and theology in relation to popular culture. He is the cohost of the podcast, Jessup Think, as well as an author and speaker.
Author: Mark Moore
Title: "Theology as a Science: An Historical and Linguistic Approach"
Journal: Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry
Journal Issue: Volume 1, Number 2
Date: Fall 2019
This article argues that, given the historical and linguistic background of the terms involved, the study of theology can, in fact, be considered a scientific endeavor, but one must clearly note what is inferred by the term “scientific.” Historically, the term “science” or “scientific” has dealt with the realm of knowledge of both the natural and supranatural world. The question of whether theology should be classified as a science arose during the formation of the medieval universities in the thirteenth century, as well as the formation of modern German universities in the nineteenth century. Theologians from Aquinas to Schleiermacher argued that theology should be considered a science and, therefore, a proper subject of study in the university. The affirmation of theology as a science in this article is based on this historical survey, as well as the broader linguistic understanding of the term “science.”
Keywords: Theology, Metaphysics, Science, Wissenschaft, Knowledge, Wisdom
More From the Author:
(footnote) Mark Moore, “Theology as a Science: An Historical and Linguistic Approach,” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 2 (Fall 2019): 241-50, https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.07.
(bibliography) Moore, Mark. “Theology as a Science: An Historical and Linguistic Approach,” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 2 (Fall 2019): 241-50. https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.07.
Moore, Mark. “Theology as a Science: An Historical and Linguistic Approach.” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, vol. 1, no. 2, Fall 2019, doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.07, pp. 241-50.
Moore, M. (2019). Theology as a Science: An Historical and Linguistic Approach. Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, 1(2), 241-250. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.33929/sherm.2019.vol1.no2.07.
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