Responses to the Religion Singularity:
A Rejoinder

Darren M. Slade

Slade is a theological historian, systematician, and critical rationalist philosopher from Denver, Colorado. Specializing in historic-speculative theology, theoretical metaphysics, and the socio-political development of religious belief systems, Darren’s academic publications include investigations into Islamic history, church history, ancient Near-Eastern textual interpretations, and the academic study of the philosophy, sociology, and psychology of religion. He earned his PhD in theology and church history from the Rawlings School of Divinity (Virginia).


Kenneth W. Howard

Howard is an author, strategic missional consultant, church demographer, and church futurist from Germantown, Maryland. Ordained as an Episcopal priest and canonically resident in the Episcopal Diocese of Washington, Ken is the founder and executive director of The FaithX Project, a nonprofit consulting and resource development practice serving congregational and judicatory leaders of all faith traditions. Ken is the author of several books and research articles. He holds a Master of Education from Virginia Commonwealth University and a Master of Divinity from Virginia Theological Seminary.


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Since the publication of Kenneth Howard’s 2017 article, “The Religion Singularity: A Demographic Crisis Destabilizing and Transforming Institutional Christianity,” there has been an increasing demand to understand the root causes and historical foundations for why institutional Christianity is in a state of de-institutionalization. In response to Howard’s research, a number of authors have sought to provide a contextual explanation for why the religion singularity is currently happening, including studies in epistemology, church history, psychology, anthropology, and church ministry. The purpose of this article is to offer a brief survey and response to these interactions with Howard’s research, identifying the overall implications of each researcher’s perspective for understanding the religion singularity phenomenon. It explores factors relating to denominational switching in Jeshua Branch’s research, social memory in John Lingelbach’s essay, religious politics in Kevin Seybold’s survey, scientific reductionism in Jack David Eller’s position paper, and institutional moral failure in Brian McLaren’s article.


Keywords: Religion Singularity, Denominational Switching, Social Memory, Religious Politics,

Scientific Reductionism, Christian Judgmentalism

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Article Information:

Author: Darren M. Slade, Kenneth W. Howard

Title: "Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder"

Journal: Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry

Journal Issue: Volume 1, Number 1

Date: Spring 2019

Pages: 51-74


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(footnote) Darren M. Slade and Kenneth W. Howard, “Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder,” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 1 (Spring 2019): 51-74,

(bibliography) Slade, Darren M., and Kenneth W. Howard. “Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder.” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1, no. 1 (Spring 2019): 51-74.


Slade, Darren M., and Kenneth W. Howard. “Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder.” Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, vol. 1, no. 1, Spring 2019,, pp. 51-74.


Slade, D. M., & Howard, K. W. (2019). Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder. Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, 1(1), 51-74. Retrieved from

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